Supporting your child in mental agility.

This following strategies have been created to help you support your child in learning vital numerical skills. We have listed below many of the skills your child should be able to do in Second Level by the end of Primary 5. A target may be harder than it seems, e.g. a child who can count up to 10,000 may still have trouble saying which number comes after 47,95 or which number comes before 25,00.

 

Counting (Forwards and Backwards)

  • Count forwards and backwards by 7s from 7 “7, 14, 21…” “21, 14, 7..”

  • Count forwards and backwards by 8s from 8 “8, 16, 24…” “24, 16, 8..”

  • Count forwards and backwards by 9s from 9 “9, 18, 27…” “27, 18, 9…”

  • Count forward and backwards in multiples off the tables e.g. count in 3s from 4

 

Counting (saying the number before/after)

  • Say the number before / after in times tables covered (e.g. what is 6 more than 42?)

 

Recognising and Identifying Numbers

  • Recognise numbers in range from 1-10,000 “Point to number 20,120” (knowing a number from a displayed number)

  • Identify numbers in range from 1-10,000 (finding a number amongst other numbers)

Sequencing and Ordering Numbers

  • Sequence numbers in the range of 1—10,000

 

Using Number Lines

  • Place a number on a number line up to 1,000 and beyond

  • Estimate where a number goes on an empty number line between 1 and 1000 and beyond.

 

Number Structures and Place Value

  • Demonstrate how the value of a digit depends on where it is placed (numbers up to 10,000)

  • Split a number continuing units in a non-standard way “764 is 7 hundreds, 6 tens and 4 units

  • Show how the value of a digit depends on where it is placed “The 9 in 2965 means 9 tens of 90”.

  • Split a number into its place value parts “7589 = 7000 + 500 + 80 + 9”

 

Addition and Subtraction

  • Add and subtract 2-digit numbers using a variety of strategies

  • Add and subtract multiples of tens and hundreds (e.g. 300 + 520)

  • Use a variety of strategies to find a pair of numbers that add to make 100 (e.g “What goes with 63 to make 100?”)

 

Multiplication and Division

  • Share a group with a remainder e.g. share 31 between 4 (7 r 3)

  • Know the multiplication and division family facts e.g. 3 x 6 = 18, 6 x 3 = 18, 18 ÷ 3 = 6, 18 ÷ 6= 3

  • Use the commutative property of to solve problems (e.g. 7 x 5 is the same as 5 x 7—easier to count in 5’s)

  • Multiply and divide 2 / 3 digit numbers by a single digit

  • Use the relationship between multiplication and division to solve problems e.g. “If 7 x 13 = 91, what is 91 ÷ 13

  • Carry out division calculations with remainders e.g. 10 ÷ 3 = 3 r 1

  • Know (off by heart) and use the 7, 8, and 9 times tables to solve multiplication and division problems.

  • Know (off by heart) and use all 2-10 times tables to solve multiplication and division problems.

 

Fractions, Decimals and Percentages

  • Make equivalent fractions for a common fraction

  • Simplify very common fractions

  • Compare very common fractions saying which is smaller or larger.

  • Find a simple fraction of a number such as 1/6 of 24.

  

Fun Activities to Help at Home

Time your child while he / she does one or more of these.

 

All the sevens

  • Count in sevens to 70.

  • Count back in sevens from 70 to zero.

Left Overs

  • Take turns to choose a two-digit number less than 80.

  • Write it down. Now count up to it in eights. What number is left over?

  • The number left is the number of points you score, e.g. Choose 46.

  • Count: 8, 16, 24, 32, 40, 6 left over to get to 46. So you score 6 points.

  • The first person to get 15 or more points wins.

  • Now try the same game counting in sevens, or in nines.

  • Can you spot which numbers will score you points?

Sum it up

  • Each player needs 2 dice.

  • Say: Go! Then each rolls a dice at the same time.

  • Add up all the numbers showing on both your own dice, at the sides as well as at the top.

  • Whoever has the highest total scores 1 point.

  • The first to get 10 points wins.

 

Recommended websites

 

http://www.mathplayground.com/

 

http://www.mathsisfun.com/numbers/math-trainermultiply.html

 

http://www.brainormous.com/online/loader_multiflyer.html

 

http://www.bbc.co.uk/bitesize/firstlevel/mathematics/

 

http://resources.woodlands-junior.kent.sch.uk/maths/

 

http://www.sumdog.com/