Good afternoon. I hope you have all had a lovely week so far.
We have been learning about Islam and last week we were looking at mosques.
We are going to look more closely at one or two of the features of mosques today, and specifically at the patterns used to decorate the tiles in the buildings.
As we saw in the clip last time, some mosques are stunning looking buildings.
As you found out last week, they have several common features.
Because of its height, this tall, thin tower can be seen from a distance. A man (called a muezzin) stands at the top of the minaret and calls Muslims to prayer.
You can listen to a very memorable version of a call to prayer here and you can see the words that are spoken in the English subtitles.
The mihrab is a semi-circular niche ( a bit that goes in from the rest of the wall) in the wall of a mosque. The direction of Mecca is shown by the mihrab. Remember, it is very important that Muslims face the direction of Mecca when they prey.
Because the mihrab is so important, it is usually decorated very ornately. Have a look at this image to understand what I mean by this:
The dome, or qubba, is often found above the prayer hall. The domes were very prominent features (they stood out) in the images we looked at last week. Patterns like these can be found on the ceilings of the domes inside.
Pictures of animals or people are not used in the decoration of Mosques. The patterns on the tiles are made using shapes.
Have a look at some of the patterns in this site or ask an adult at home to search online with you to find some more:
Have a go at creating your own design for a tile, like the ones found in mosques.
If you like, you can follow the steps in this clip. It’s not as easy as it looks! If you don’t have a compass at home, you could draw around a cup or something similar to create your circle (or draw it free-hand).
You might want to download and print a template (if you have access to a printer) to help you create your tile:
Alternatively, there are links near the bottom of this website to pages you can colour in rather than create your own tile. If you choose this option, think really hard about the colours you use and keep the pattern symmetrical.
I hope you all have a lovely day!